1. Basic steps (back and forward) – the basic steps as their name suggest are the basic feet movement and one of the first thing a salsa dancer should learn. In practice the basic steps are not used as commonly as the Guapea which is the basic movement of cuban or casino style salsa dancing. They are however used more commonly in closed formation or when freestyling.
2. Back Rocks (back cross steps) – Back Rocks are a very common footwork pattern that many variations in salsa use. It used the same by both girls and boys just in opposite directions. Like all basic moves as dancers become more advance a more stylish performance is done however there is no distinct popular way to style this move and it’s really up to the dancer how to shine. This movement however is easily emphasizing weight shifting and girls tend to exaggerate hip movement for more sensual movement. Boys should try and avoid doing the same as it sometimes come naturally.
3. Side Rocks (side steps) – one of the basic steps of salsa. It comes from the Afro-Cuban Rumba dance.
4. Dile que no (“Tell her no”) – one of the basic moves and is done usually to switch side with the girl. Usually starts from closed formations, boys right handing holding to the girl’s back shoulder and grabbing the right hand with their left hands, but this is not a must and there are lots of variations to this basic formation.
5. Guapea (“Looks good”) – the basic open steps in Cuban style dancing, it is the move people make by default if no other move is done, although getting more advanced it is rarely used as variations flow nonstop.
6. Enchufla (“Plug in”) – the most basic turn in salsa and many complex variations are using Enchufla as a component. The Enchufla is traditionally preformed while the boy’s left hand is holding the girl’s right hand but as variations get more complex the Enchufla comes in variety of way: right to left, right to right, holding both hands, both hands in a cross and lots more.
a. Enchufla Doble (“Plug in twice”) – Enchufla Doble is a very similar move to Enchufla and it seems like an Enchufla, backwards Enchufla and Enchufla again. With the feet both partners are using mostly the back rocks steps.
b. Enchufla Complicado (“Plug in complicated”) – Start with an Enchufala on 1-2-3 of the 1st count. On 5-6-7 as the follow steps in front, the leader grabs the follows left with their right hand, and then steps under the same arm with Enchufla steps. On the 2nd count, perform an Enchufla once again.
8. Vacilala (“Look at her”) – On 1 there must be Contra. This is achieved by giving the follower a slight pull inside on the 7th beat of the previous count. On 1-2-3 the follower walks a clock wise turn. The leader lets go of the hand on 2. THE TURN IS NOT A SPIN!!! Like all other turns in Cuban Salsa is performed walking in circles. Also the circle should complete one and a half turns. Meanwhile the leader steps in place and turns just a bit in order to be in front of the follower when she is finishing her turn.